Over US $ 1 billion have been invested in the republic's textile industry since independence
The biggest in Central Asia textile enterprise, "Turkmenbashi Tekstil Kompleksi", has been just recently awarded the IWAY certificate that confirms the full conformity of its technological process to international standards in securing the social rights and environmental protection. The document certifies that new technologies used at the enterprise are environmentally friendly and constitute no danger to the health of the population.
It should be stressed this is not the only fact of acknowledgment of highly efficient operation of the Complex, which is located in the southern part of Ashgabat. For instance, the United Nations main consultative body on technical issues, a specialized international organization for standardization, awarded ISO-9001 certificate to the production of the Complex, which is evidence of high quality of the enterprise's output that meets the world highest standards.
In addition to that, the enterprise uses the so-called ISO-14001 system of environmental management allowing it to achieve absolute ecological cleanliness of the production process situated within the city's precincts. The cascade of powerful facilities, in which wastes are subjected to mechanical, biological and chemical treatment, was installed there.
The complex has now completed the preparations for the forthcoming tests of the quality management at the enterprise to conform to the QWAY certificate that proves the guarantees of the standard production process. Besides, the Complex has already started applying WRAP standards, "World Responsibility in Articles Production". Since November 2004, works on the launch of "6 Sigma" system to receive a higher profit at the expense of prime cost reduction and minimization of production losses have been under way. Such famous companies as Motorola and General Electric use this internationally recognized system.
Actually, it is enough to name contractual partners of the enterprise to get convinced in the "Turkmenbashi Tekstil Kompleksi" output's high quality and competitiveness. Such major multinationals as Calvin Klein, Sara Lee, Casual Wear, Ikea, 2X Ist, Miss Erica, Wal-Mart, Vespolino, Ibena, JC Penney and others are among its main customers. The geography of exports of the Complex's products is also impressive. They are exported to the USA, Europe and CIS countries. At present, the leader of Turkmenistan's textile industry produces 25 types of fabrics and a broad range of textile wear. The Complex is fitted up with the latest equipment and technology of leading Japanese, Swiss, German and Turkish companies. The unique machinery of Italian Bierrebi company is the pride of the enterprise. This latest technological know-how makes it possible to produce seamless T-shirts.
Five years ago, when this US $116 million Complex was commissioned, Saparmurat Niyazov, speaking at its inauguration, emphasized that development of the textile industry would be one of the country's main priorities. This sector has got a considerable boost over the last years. Tens of factories, industrial complexes and facilities producing cotton yarn, jersey, jeans cloth of high standards that are exported to many countries, including the developed states, have been built.
Today that over US $ 1 billion have been invested in the textile industry the country takes pride in its most modern enterprises as "Turkmenbashi Tekstil Kompleksi", Kipchak Textile Complex, Atamurat Textile Complex, "Serdar" Cotton Spinning Factory in Kaahka producing high grade cotton yarn, Bakharden Cotton Spinning Factory, Dashoguz Cotton Spinning Factory and many other ventures. On visiting them, one can see the great transformation that has taken place in the textile industry.
Each of them deserves the highest appraisal. Buildings are bright, spacious and clean. They have been fitted up with the latest equipment of the leading world companies, operated mostly by a computer system. Tens of yarn types are produced at new factories. Kaahka Factory produces yarn from fine-staple cotton, the one in Bakharden manufactures yarn from medium staple cotton. What a fine jersey and ready products are made from it at Kipchak and Geoktepe Textile Complexes, as well as at many other enterprises. Almost the entire production of "Turkmenbashi Tekstil Kompleksi" meets the world standards. And that is why it receives orders from big European and American companies. The textile enterprises operate on the work order basis. The Turkmen production is actively winning international markets.
At the same time, the Turkmen Government is watching that the Turkmen textile production is available, first of all, in the domestic market for citizens of the country. In stores and specialized shops people can purchase local high quality textile goods at the lowest prices.
The textile sector of the republic fulfils orders of the Ministries of Defence, Interior, Health and Border Service and other state-owned organizations to produce bed clothes, garments and uniforms.
It is noteworthy that before gaining the independence the textile sector in Turkmenistan was represented only by four enterprises with outdated equipment and capacity to process raw cotton up to 10 thousand tons a year. These enterprises processed only 3 per cent of the total amount of raw cotton harvested in the republic. Today, the total capacity of modernized and new textile enterprises stands at 135 thousand tons of cotton fibre a year. Enterprises of the Ministry of Textile Industry produce over 80 per cent of all non-food consumer goods. And the launch of new facilities helped create some 15 thousand new jobs.
As stated in the development program until 2020, the Government plans to establish new modern enterprises all over the republic. Their commissioning will allow Turkmenistan to process up to 500 thousand tons of raw cotton. By 2020, the yarn production is to be increased up to 350 thousand tons a year, cotton cloth - to 580 million square meters, raw silk - up to 720 tons. Over US$ 650 million will be invested in the textile industry. It is envisaged to build a complex of cotton processing enterprises with the complete industrial cycle in each of the country's cotton planting regions.
In 2004, the construction of the second biggest textile complex in Ashgabat was started. It will consist of six factories with the annual production totalling US $ 71 million. The Complex will employ over 3000 people. It will be put into operation in October 2005.
Approximately within the same period, a Cotton Spinning Factory at Abadan town (capacity - 25.3 thousand tons of yarn a year with 1400 thousand work places) will be commissioned. A bit earlier, a weaving factory at Vekilbazar town (capacity - 63.7 million sq. m. of fabric a year) will be launched. A complex of shoe and sewing factories at Makhtumkuli etrap (the south-west of the republic) will be built, Turkmenabat Shoe factory will be upgraded and some other enterprises will be commissioned.
Thus, step by step, Turkmenistan proves in practice its aspiration to take a worthy place among the world's textile powers.