04.10.10 11:03

Diversity of interests, unity of purpose
The President of Turkmenistan hosted a press conference at the White Hall in Ashgabat on September 30 on the outcome of his recent visit to New York to attend the 65th session of the UN General Assembly, where Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov put forward new global peacekeeping initiatives and held a series of bilateral meetings and political consultations.

The press conference, which was held following numerous requests from the media, was attended by correspondents of foreign news agencies and leading international publications accredited in Turkmenistan, as well as local journalists - editors of newspapers, magazines, heads of television and radio channels, students majoring in journalism.

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Ladies and gentlemen!
Dear journalist!

I'm happy to see representatives of the Turkmen and foreign media in this room again. As you know, the main reason for our meeting today is the outcome of the recent visit of the governmental delegation of Turkmenistan to New York, United States, where we attended the 65th session of the UN General Assembly.

As you know, it has become a tradition in our country to organize such meetings with representatives of the media.

In my speech at the 65th session of the UN General Assembly I outlined the principles and views of our country on the major issues of foreign policy. I also put forward proposals and views on these issues that have been widely supported by the leaders of several countries, well-known international organizations. In addition, the views and initiatives of Turkmenistan in this direction were also discussed in the course of numerous bilateral meetings.

Due to the extremely busy program of the visit to the United States, it was impossible to satisfy most of the requests for meetings and talks from participants of the 65th session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

Dear media representatives!
Dear journalists!

I am confident that owing to your efforts out today's talk about the great interest in our country from the international community will gain even greater momentum.

And now I'll answer your questions related to the outcome of participation of the governmental delegation of Turkmenistan in the 65th session of the UN General Assembly.

Please ask your questions.

Igor Sasin (AFP, France):
Mr. President, in your speech at the 65th session of the UN General Assembly, you put forward several specific proposals related to solving the serious issues of global and regional importance. What motivated these foreign policy initiatives and what should be done to implement them?

First of all, I would like to emphasize that all the proposals and initiatives of Turkmenistan, including those expressed in my speech before the UN General Assembly, are based on a thorough and objective analysis of current processes, understanding of cause-and-effect relationships that lead to the different phenomena and issues.

We are realists, and, therefore, are not inclined toward romance or dramatization. We have a clear vision of the situation and offer concrete ways to address it. We proceed from our firm belief that each state, regardless of the size of its territory, or its economic or military capabilities, can make positive contribution to the stable and progressive development of human civilization, overall progress and well being of billions of people inhabiting our planet, and guaranteed peace for the present and future generations.

The last century ended with the ideological confrontation of the two systems, the geopolitical rivalry between two superpowers, in which all other countries, by and large, were given the role of extras.

Globally, there are no dividing lines today, and any attempt to revive them, including through the peddling of the dubious theory of clash of civilizations' would be unfounded and futile. Yes, today's world is complex and diverse but it is one world. And, the objectives pursued by the community of nations are also unified. Their implementation is real, doable, but with one fundamental condition: peace and security. This is the focus of all the thoughts and aspirations of Turkmenistan as a responsible member of the international community, all our practical steps on the world stage, and the proposals and initiatives aimed at ensuring this condition.

We are convinced that security today cannot be selective - for one country or one group of countries. No state, no matter how rich or powerful, can dissociate itself from the problems and threats facing the rest of the world. The achievement of global security, security and conflict-free development is impossible without addressing a vast array of socio-economic problems associated with overcoming the gap between the developed and developing countries, providing food for all the countries and regions, equitable access to energy resources, prevention and neutralization of natural and manmade environmental risks, effective counter terrorism, combat against drug trafficking and transnational organized crime. In other words, security today is indivisible, just as our world is indivisible.

Therefore, we invite the world community to think about creating a unified concept of security as a source of political and ideological platform for further joint action by states on key issues of out time. In my speech at the UN, I called it a Strategy for the Future by investing in this concept the rejection of previous mindset that revolved around geopolitical rivalry, struggle for control of territories and resources, division of spheres of influence and so forth. We offer a new level of understanding of contemporary realities that objectively needs overcoming differences in details or particulars, and dealing with tactical issues in the name of common strategic goals. "Diversity of interests, unity of purpose", this is how I would call a model of interstate relations in the context of collective effort to ensure comprehensive security and development.

Let us act, with an eye for decades ahead, and think over what kind of the world we want to leave to the future generations.

As regards the methods for implementation of our initiatives, the main thing here is the political will and responsibility of states. In particular, we have proposed to establish a high level Forum on Security and Cooperation in Central Asia and Caspian Basin, made proposals for political settlement and economic rehabilitation in Afghanistan, creation of a counter-terrorism information centre, and the focal points of the UN training and information centres to fight crimes.

The specifics of these proposals need to be negotiated. To do this, there are proven political and diplomatic tools to use with maximum efficiency. Turkmenistan is ready to participate actively in this work.

Mikhail Pereplesnin ("Turkmenistan" magazine, Russia):
Mr. President, your speech sounded an initiative to create the UN Energy Council, and it received great attention in the world. This proposal is, indeed, of great political significance and, if implemented, can dramatically change the entire system of relationship in the global energy sector. What are the nuts and bolts of this idea and, if created, what would be the functions of the UN Energy Council?

Let's not run ahead of others. It is still only an idea for the future. The world energy market is a difficult and sensitive area and the international community needs time to reflect on this proposal, and develop and formulate their own approaches.

Generally speaking, the initiative for the UN Energy Council fits into the logical of our steps aimed at joint development of new approaches to solving the problems of international energy supplies. As you know, we first raised it at the 62nd session of the UN General Assembly in 2007. Consequently, the 63rd session of the UN General Assembly adopted the famous resolution, and last year we hosted a major international conference on security of energy supplies in Ashgabat. At the 64th session, we put forward an idea of establishing a special UN expert group for development of instruments related to this question.

In August this year in New York the first meeting was held to discuss the creation of such a group. We understand that in order to create an expert group, to determine its mandate and funding of its activities, you may need to adopt a special UN General Assembly resolution. We are willing to work on this issue, to adopt a resolution during the current session.

In our opinion, this group could focus its activities on three main areas:

First, adopting a legal framework for ensuring reliable and stable transit of energy resources to the world markets.

Here, I primarily have in mind the working out of a multilateral, comprehensive international instrument of the UN, for example the UN Agreement on Guarantee of Energy Transit.

Second, the formation of a new institutional framework needed for implementation of the norms of international law on transportation of energy resources.

Third, the creation of a new information framework that will allow monitoring and control over the implementation of the Agreement on Guarantee of Energy Transit.

Essentially, we are talking of an effective and legitimate international mechanism to regulate the global energy policy.

The UN Energy Council should become the main coordinating body responsible for policy decisions in this area. I repeat: our initiative for creation of this body is for the future. We do not rush, we are ready for a thoughtful discussion with our partners, and preparation of joint proposals in this regard.

Murat Govshudov (Turkmen Dowlet Habarlary news agency, Turkmenistan):

Mr. President, during your meetings with leaders of other countries in New York, the leadership of the UN Secretariat and representatives of the business elite of the world, you put special emphasis on the economic component of the reforms implemented in Turkmenistan. What are the priorities of state policy in this area? How does Turkmenistan position itself in the global economic space?

You are right. The economic theme in my talks was of key importance. And, I say frankly that the interest shown by the world in Turkmenistan goes far beyond the desire or ability to access our natural resources. Our country is no longer seen as only a reservoir of hydrocarbons.

We are becoming a more attractive partner in other areas, a promising destination for long term investment in industry, agriculture, transport, communications, textiles, mining, construction and tourism. Not only the first-class companies but also the world's largest financial and economic centres trust us and want to work with us. In turn, we are talking today with our foreign counterparts not just as a country rich in raw materials, but also as an economically strong and stable developing nation that has something to offer to the world other than oil and gas.

Of course, this was made possible through the implementation of the last three-plus years of very serious economic and social reforms. If we generalize, we can identify three main areas that have seen the most dynamic transformation. These are economy, financial sector, and social sphere.

When we talk about economic reforms, I would like especially to emphasize the main thing. The goal of our strategy is to diversify the economy; that is, creating a diversified and multi-functional economic system. Naturally, the achievement of this goal depends largely on the availability and proper use of human, natural, financial, information and other resources.

To this end, at the first stage, we have created in a short time fundamentally new legal and institutional frameworks governing economic relations in our country. We have adopted a package of laws, improved governance structures, formed additional funding sources, and carried out drastic changes in the monetary sphere. Here are some examples.

In order to share the responsibility to manage the economic and financial processes we established two independent government agencies - the Ministry of Economy and Development and the Ministry of Finance.

Also, the Institute of Strategic Planning and Economic Development was established to provide scientific support to these organizations and the government. All of this suggests the formation of a strong government framework aimed to provide for effective socio-economic growth.

Along with this we have managed to conduct very quietly some major financial reforms. First, it was balancing of the rate of national currency against foreign currencies. Second, we have a redenominated Turkmen Manat. Third, due to a significant surplus in the State Budget of Turkmenistan we established a stabilization fund.

Speaking of it, I would like to stress that social orientation is at the core of our economy. In this regard, along with economic reforms, we have actively pursued social reforms in important areas such as pensions, social insurance, labor and wages. And much has been done here. First, the adoption of new laws: the Labour Code and the Code on Social Security. Second, there are all the guarantees for the regular growth of salaries, pensions, allowances and scholarships. Third, an increasing range of social benefits and privileges is provided by the state to the population (free use of gas, electricity, water, a number of utilities, etc.).

Summing up, it is necessary to emphasize that all the reforms were made possible owing to a well-functioning mechanism of governance. We firmly believe that the management of economic and financial processes through the development of legislation is the determining factor in the implementation of socio-economic policy. Of course, in this case our efforts must be based on generally accepted international rules. We need to take into account international standards, learn and effectively use international experience. The experience of the United Nations is very important for us here.

During the meetings with the leadership of the UN Secretariat in New York I proposed to think of working out a long term program of development of public administration in Turkmenistan. Our proposal was supported.

Jemal Bairamova ("Ogonyok" magazine, Rusia):

Mr. President, we know that Turkmenistan intends to contest a seat in the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). What is the objective of joining ECOSOC?

This step should be viewed in the context of the overall revitalization of Turkmenistan's cooperation with the United Nations, which has recently acquired a comprehensive and multifarious character. Today, we cooperate with the UN in the political and humanitarian spheres and in the improvement of our democratic institutions and human rights issues as part of different cultural, educational, environmental projects and programmes.

One of the priorities of our cooperation is the revitalization of Turkmenistan in the UN structures dealing with socio-economic problems. The main among them is the ECOSOC.

By nominating our candidacy for this body for the period 2013-2015, we are looking at two equally important objectives. The first is to provide maximum assistance to the UN in promoting international cooperation, closer integration of the various states and regions of the planet in the process of sustainable development, and improving the welfare of the peoples.

Through the ECOSOC membership we are also looking at the efficient use of available infrastructure in Turkmenistan to enhance the activities of the various UN agencies directly engaged in Central Asia and Caspian Basin.

In this regard, I proposed that in the period before the elections, Turkmenistan should work closely with specialized UN agencies such as the Department for Economic and Social Affairs of the UN Secretariat, the UN Economic Commission for Europe and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific on joint projects, the results of which would be useful for our delegation in ECOSOC to promote large scale social and economic programmes at global and regional levels.

This will help our country achieve its maximum potential as an actor in international relations.

The second goal is to build on the practical results of the projects we have implemented together with the UN to present Turkmenistan as a country whose experience can be useful for other countries. This kind of work can be undertaken under the auspices of the UN in the period of our ECOSOC membership.

We fully understand that election to this important body, on the one hand, provides a great opportunity to initiate and implement new ideas, but on the other hand, places on us utmost responsibility for development and adoption of the Council decisions.

Aybolek Babaniyazova (second-year student of journalism, Institute of International Relations, Ashgabat):

Mr. President, environmental issues are playing increasingly important role in the global agenda. We also know that environmental protection is a priority of the state policy of Turkmenistan. How do you see tackling environmental problems in Central Asia?

This is natural. Ecology today directly affects the lives and well being of the people around the world. The situation in different regions and the relations between states are reflected in implementation of socio-economic development plans. In fact, it has already passed that stage - ecology now largely determines the level of security and stability of global development.

These questions are relevant for Turkmenistan as a responsible member of the international community and as a country located in the region affected by environmental problems.

From the environmental point of view, we do not separate Central Asia from the Caspian Basin. In my view, we are right in believing that there is a wide swath of problems that are interrelated and require general coordination for their solution. This question is not about methodology; it is about implementation of measures for the physical and social rehabilitation of people living here, to conserve the unique natural heritage, and the management of water resources.

I am convinced that only joint efforts of Central Asian and Caspian Basin countries with an active coordinating role of the UN can lead to a positive result.

The essential component of environmental protection work in this context is cooperation with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). It is obvious that the time has come for closer coordination of the Central Asian and Caspian countries with this structure aimed at developing common approaches to solving environmental problems. In this regard, Turkmenistan proposes to thoroughly discuss the possibility of opening the UNEP Office for Central Asia and the Caspian region.

For its part, our country is ready to provide all necessary facilities to accommodate the headquarters office in Ashgabat.

Cemil Yildiz (Zaman, Turkey):

Mr. President, those who visited Turkmenistan in the last three years tell us about the social reforms and social protection of the population. Can you please expand a bit on it?

Our country has consistently and purposefully followed the principle "state for the people." The cornerstone of our national revival is the continuity of moral traditions and spiritual values, as gathered by the Turkmen people in the course of their history. Staying in the course of these traditions and developing and enriching them, we have set about on the path of modernizing the country in the human dimension.'

A prime example is the new code of Turkmenistan "On Social Security" which provides a wide range of legal, economic, administrative and other measures aimed at social protections of the veterans of the WWII, labour veterans, large families, disabled persons and other segments of population in need of social support. Real guarantees have been provided to the citizens for their constitutional rights under the Labour Code, and a number of other legal acts have been passed by the parliament in recent years.

Another eloquent fact: more than 70% of the budget is allocated for the social sector - education, healthcare, culture, public welfare.

There are also benefits to local population that surprise other countries: free gas, water, electricity, petrol, nominal public transport fares, regular increase in wages, pensions and students' stipends. These are all factors in our system of social support.

In our comprehensive approach to the multifaceted economic potential of Turkmenistan, the high standards of living of the population form the basis of our national programmes, with clear perspectives for development of the capital and each region.

As a result of implementation of these programmes, the face of the Turkmen towns and villages is changing drastically, the line between the centre and periphery is being obliterated in terms of socio-economic infrastructure, providing people with equal access to all the benefits of modern civilization.

Sener Shemshatly, (TRT, Turkey):

Turkmenistan has quite ambitious plans for export of its natural gas. In this regard, the question is if the existing gas production would suffice for implementation of these plans?

Turkmenistan is the largest supplier of gas in Central Asia and there are all the indications that gas production will increase in coming years. The wealth of our reserves was certified in the international audit conducted by independent and well-respected international expert - Gaffney, Cline & Associates to assess the reserves of natural gas in accordance with the international systems of assessment and classification.

I think, many of you know the results of this audit conducted by this well-respected international company in 2008 for the fields of South Yoloton, Osman and Yashlar. Subsequent studies and exploratory drilling have shown that this vast field, according to latest estimates, accounts for 18 trillion cubic meters of gas.

The confirmation of great interest in the enormous resources of the Turkmen underground vaults was evident in the signing of large contracts with well known companies from China, South Korea and the United Arab Emirates, ushered in the industrial development of the giant gas field in Southern Yoloten.

The contracts, worth about $ 10 billion, provide for the design and construction of surface and underground facilities for the extraction and processing of tens of billions of cubic meters of marketable gas.

Great prospects are associated with abundant deposits of Garabil-Gurrukbil, Central Karakum group, and other rich underground deposits. The interest of foreign companies is obvious in the development of hydrocarbon reserves in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea.

Experts are of the opinion that the energy potential of Turkmenistan is currently estimated at 45.44 billion tonnes of oil equivalent. The gas reserves, according to experts, are about 24.6 billion cubic meters, and exploration is continuing.

The country is scheduled in 2030 to go to the line of 230 billion cubic meters of gas a year - some of these volumes will be processed within the country, a significant proportion will be exported. So, by that time, the export of natural gas alone is projected to reach 180 billion cubic meters a year. So, proven reserves will last for many decades ahead, especially as the territory of Turkmenistan has a lot of promising oil and gas structures, which are still waiting in the wings.

Tariq Saeedi (Pakistan Press Network):

Mr. President, could you please tell us about your plans for diversification of gas export routes, and also your vision as to how you intend going about those plans?

Over the past few years our country has done a great job of diversifying natural gas export to international markets. By implementing these plans, based on purely economic interests and taking into account the emerging demand for Turkmen gas from potential buyers, Turkmenistan gradually expands its gas exports, which currently includes the states located in different parts of the Eurasian continent.

At the end of last year, heads of the four states - China, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan - launched the Trans-Asian gas pipeline, the largest energy main of the 21st century.

Since that day we started to supply Turkmen natural gas through a transcontinental gas pipeline Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Kazakhstan-China, through which large volumes of natural gas would be exported to China for the next 30 years. A little later, an agreement was reached on the construction of the second stage of the Trans-Asian gas pipeline.

Another important area of expansion of gas exports is our southern neighbor - Iran. In July 2009, an agreement was reached on increasing volumes of Turkmen gas deliveries from 8 to 14 billion cubic meters, but in the long term - up to 20 billion cubic meters a year. And in early January 2010 a ceremony was held to launch Dovletabat-Sarahs-Hangeran gas pipeline.

The design capacity of the new gas artery is calculated for the annual transportation of 12 billion cubic meters of natural gas. In June this year an agreement was reached for further increase in the supply of Turkmen gas to Iran.

At present, Turkmenistan is gradually promoting the implementation of a number of other projects planned for the transportation of natural gas. For example, in May this year during our state visit to India and talks with the President of the Republic, Ms. Pratibha Devising Patil and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, we announced the intention to continue cooperation on gas pipeline project Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India with a view to its early implementation.

We consider India along with Afghanistan and Pakistan our future strategic partners in the energy sector. We believe the gas pipeline project Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India is extremely important from all points of view: Turkmenistan as the supplier of gas, Pakistan and India as developing countries, whose economies are in need of energy resources, and Afghanistan as a consumer and transit country. Construction of the transnational gas pipeline will allow participating countries to solve a number of important social and humanitarian issues, including those associated with the creation of additional jobs, the formation of social infrastructure along the entire gas pipeline route.

And, most importantly - it will help maintain and consolidate political stability throughout the region.

Turkmenistan maintains strategic oil and gas cooperation with its long-standing partner - Russia, although the global financial crisis has slowed down the pace of implementation of joint projects. Our meetings with the President of the Russian Federation, as well as constant interaction between the companies of both countries have shown the prospects of mutually advantageous partnership.

Thus, in late December 2009 in Ashgabat, on the results of our meeting with Dmitry Medvedev there were signed important documents, identifying priority areas for bilateral cooperation in the economic sphere.

Among them is the intergovernmental agreement on the expansion of strategic cooperation in energy and engineering, which provides for joint projects in the oil and gas industry, including the Caspian gas pipeline, which aims to expand opportunities of Turkmen gas supplies to the north. It is also expected to intensify cooperation in the development of hydrocarbon resources in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea, and in establishing infrastructure for transporting oil and processed products.

Equally important is the fact that Turkmenistan, Iran, China and Russia have agreed to determine the price of gas on the basis of a formula, which fully complies with the conditions of the European gas market.

However, having large reserves of natural gas, which Turkmenistan could in the years to offer to other prospective buyers, Ashgabat is exploring new possibilities of energy exports to a promising market in Europe. The coincidence of interests of Turkmenistan as the major natural gas producer and the EU countries, who are projected to register growth in energy imports already in the next decade, caused an increase in the dynamics of relationships in recent years. This is evidenced by signing in 2008 a memorandum on energy cooperation and development of partnerships between leading European companies and Turkmenistan.

Thus, the fuel and energy policies of our country aim to create a multi-vector system of supply of Turkmen energy resources to world markets on a stable and long-term basis. We are not guided by the principle of substitution but the principle of complementing existing routes in all four geographical directions.

Shagylych Mammadov (Watan TV news, Turkmenistan):

Mr. President, you put forward a number of initiatives with special emphasis on the need to establish international mechanisms for reliable protection and security of transportation of energy resources to the world markets. Why do you pay special attention to this initiative?

I want to note immediately that the issue of building a global security model demands a coherent order; none of its parts, whether security policy, food, energy, environment, can exist separately - they are indivisible in the geopolitical context. However, it must be noted that energy security plays an important role in this tangle of interrelated phenomena.

It is more than obvious that energy security in today's global world ceases to be a problem of any single country. Compliance with the national interests of individual states, broad interests of the international community in this aspect, and the conceptual framework of world politics on consolidation efforts in the field of energy security are all parts of a whole. The global nature and extent of the problem of energy security requires the development of interaction on the widest possible level of international cooperation.

Our initiative to ensure security of energy transit was supported by the world community through the special resolution "Reliable and stable system of transit of energy resources and its role in sustainable development and international cooperation" at the 63rd session of the UN General Assembly in September 2008.

This important document was the starting point for the global community to establish an international legal framework for the safe transit of energy resources. In this connection, Ashgabat has hosted several major international forums to develop a unified strategy for reliable and stable transit of energy. An international conference devoted to development of specific principles of global energy was held in the Turkmen capital. It was titled "Strengthening regional cooperation in Central Asia to ensure stable and reliable power in Eurasia."

In order to further the development of our initiative, representatives of the Government of Turkmenistan held talks in New York with officials from the UN to establish an expert group that will submit proposals to develop an international legal instrument on the transit of energy resources.

So far, agreements on the continuity and security of energy supplies have been typically based on bilateral, at best, group agreements and contracts. Without denying the importance and usefulness of such forms of cooperation we should recognize that the local nature of such agreements, the lack of reliable international guarantees making them extremely vulnerable, and dependence on a variety of factors, are often subjective. This, of course, cannot affect the relationship between the parties involved in these processes, and the general atmosphere prevailing around the export of energy supplies, this is manifested particularly in the periods of complications of political situations in certain areas of the globe.

Overcoming these negative trends, putting the supply of energy resources in the service of development and progress of nations and peoples, international stabilization processes is a prerequisite for the successful implementation of sustainable development on a global dimension.

However, I want to emphasize that global security is the phenomenon of coherent order. It is an indivisible concept in geopolitical terms. This, along with energy security, includes political, food and environmental security.

Alexander Vershinin (Associated Press, USA):

Mr. President, at the Elders Council held in Dashoguz this spring you talked of further steps to promote democracy in the country, and announced the possibility of establishing political parties and independent media. The first issue of a private newspaper appeared not long ago. What are the prospects of further democratization of the Turkmen society in terms of non-state media and political parties?

The publication of private newspapers conforms that Turkmenistan is moving purposefully toward democratic reforms.

What are the prospects, you ask. I always say that citizens of our country have the right to form political parties and other public associations, which will operate under the national laws. In fact, the Constitution of Turkmenistan guarantees the equality of rights and freedoms of citizens irrespective of the nationality, race, sex etc. and regardless of political beliefs and party affiliations. Moreover, the constitution stipulates the rights of the political parties as well as public associations and citizens' groups to nominate candidate for elections. But, there are, of course, certain limitations.

For example, the law prohibits the establishment and operation of political parties based on ethnic or religious grounds, as well as the parties aiming to change the constitutional order, allowing violence in their activities opposing the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, advocating war, racial, ethnic, religious strife etc. Otherwise, I do not see any reasons that would interfere with the freedom of the citizens of Turkmenistan to form political parties or associations, I am confident that the establishment of new independent media and political parties is a natural process of development of any secular state.

However, as I said before and repeat now, the establishment of new parties is a serious issue requiring thoughtful and responsible approach from the founders. The state does not preclude but rather welcomes the establishment of political parties and private newspapers. The most important thing is that they should help in harmonious development of our society on the basis of spiritual values inherent in the Turkmen people.

Are there any other questions?
Kakageldy Charyyardurdyev (Press Secretary of the President of Turkmenistan):

Esteemed Mr. President, we once again warmly congratulate you on a historic and deeply meaningful statement at the 65th session of the UN General Assembly. Your initiatives touching on the interests of the mankind have caused a wide resonance and found support of the international community, the world media and also demonstrated the growing interest in our country - neutral Turkmenistan. The meeting with representatives of the media on the results of your visit to the United States is clear evidence of this. Thank you for the meeting and the time you have spent with us, despite the tight schedule. We wish you good health, long life, continued success in your work.

Thank you! If there are no more questions, thank you all for participating in today's meeting and for the interesting questions.

I am sure that such meetings are useful for everyone. In the future, if we need to discuss current issues, we will meet regularly.

Once again, thank you for your interesting questions and for having listened carefully to my answers.
Goodbye!